Notes from National Health Profile (NHP) of 2019

India releases reports on our National Health Profile, the latest of which came out in the year 2019.

Some notes from that report:

  • 8.5% of our population is above the age group of 60:

    Age group-wise distribution of population of the country projected for 2015 and 2016 are given at Table No. 1.1.4(a) and Table No. 1.1.4(b) respectively. Accordingly to Table No. 1.1.4 (b), 27% of the total estimated population of 2016 were below the age of 14 years and majority (64.7%) of the population were in the age group of 15-59 years i.e. economically active population and 8.5% population were in the age group of 60 to 85+ years.

  • Here is the death rate by age group. The chart doesn’t mention this clearly, but this should be per ‘000 people.
  • I got to learn about the Integrated Disease Surveillance Project (page 128 and 129 on the National Health Profile report)
  • Public expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP was 1.02% in 2015-16. There is no significant change in expenditure since 2009-10. (Table 4.1.2)

  • The Centre-State share in total public expenditure on health was 31:69 in 2015-16. (Figure 4.1.1)

  • Around 48 crore individuals were covered under any health insurance in the year 2017-18. This amounts to 37.2% of the total population of India. 78% of them were covered by public insurance companies. (Table 4.3.5)

  • Overall, 80% of all persons covered with insurance fall under Government sponsored schemes. (Table 4.3.5)

  • Our spending on health as a % of GDP vis-a-vis other countries:
  • And a more specific comparison:
  • Number of Registered allopathic doctors possessing recognized medical qualifications (under MCI Act) and registered with state medical council for the years 2017 and 2018 were 43,581 and 41,371 respectively. At present average population served by Government Allopathic Doctor is 10,926 number of persons served per allopathic doctor. (Table 5.1 and 5.3)

  • There are 20,48,979 Registered Nurses and Registered Midwives (RN & RM) and 56,469 Lady Health Visitors serving in the country as on 31.12.2017

  • Medical education infrastructures in the country have shown rapid growth over the past few years. The country has 529 medical colleges, 313 Dental Colleges for BDS & 253 Dental Colleges for MDS. The total number of admissions for academic year 2018-19 in Medical Colleges is 58756.

  • There are 4035 hospitals and 27951 dispensaries to provide Medical care facilities under AYUSH by management as on 1.4.2018.

  • Health-care is the right of every individual. 60% of population lives in rural India. To cater the health needs of these rural populations there are 158417 Sub Centers, 25743 Primary Health Centers and 5624 Community Health Centers in India as on 31st March 2018

  • There are 43 government mental hospitals in this country. Table 6.2.7, on page 273 of the report

 

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